Minimalism vs Maximalism

Minimalism vs Maximalism: Which Is Better?

You may know this question. 

The question when you stare into your jam-packed closet and think, “Do I really need this many socks?” 

Or, on the other side, you may have glanced at your minimalist friend’s singular, lonely plant and wondered, “How does she breathe without a jungle in her living room?” 

Welcome to the modern-day philosophical duel: Minimalism vs. Maximalism.

The sleek and simple minimalist in this corner represents “less is more.” 

And in that corner, the vibrant and vivacious maximalist, chanting, “Why have less when more is fabulous?” 

So, in this article, I will discuss the differences between Minimalism and Maximalism and which is “better.”

I will cover…

  • The core principles of Minimalism versus Maximalism
  • The pros and cons of Minimalism versus Maximalism
  • The psychological impact of both lifestyles
  • Which is better, Minimalism or Maximalism?


The Core Principles of Minimalism (“Less Is More”) Versus Maximalism (“More Is More”)

Let’s first get an overview of Minimalism and Maximalism and their core principles before moving on to comparing benefits and downsides.


The Core Principles of Minimalism

Minimalism extends beyond decluttering a closet, as you may have already learned in various articles on my website or elsewhere. 

It’s a philosophy you can apply to multiple facets of your life, bringing clarity and intention. 

So, here’s a distilled version of the core principles:

Intentionality: Everything you incorporate into your life, whether an item, a habit, or a relationship, should serve a purpose or bring joy.  

Simplicity: Embrace simplicity in physical possessions and other facets of your life.

It’s about making room for what truly matters.  

Focus on Quality, Not Quantity: It’s not about having few things; it’s about having the right things. 

This could be high-quality belongings that last longer, meaningful relationships, or deeply engaging experiences.  

Mindful Living: This combines consumption, presence, and mindfulness. 

It’s about conscious decision-making in buying, living, and focusing on the present moment.

Clarity of Mind: You aim for a clearer mind by reducing external clutter. 

This impacts mental well-being, decision-making, and focus.

Freedom and Flexibility: Less baggage (both literal and metaphorical) means more freedom. 

This can be financial freedom, freedom from societal expectations, or even the flexibility to travel or move. 

Authenticity: Live a life that’s true to who you are, not what others expect of you. 

Strip away the societal pressures and listen to your inner voice. 

Growth and Personal Development: With fewer distractions, there’s more room for personal development, learning, and growth.  

Limitation as a Tool: Recognizing that constraints aren’t always bad. 

They can drive creativity, focus, and determination. 

So, it’s about using constraints as springboards for innovation.

So, Minimalism isn’t just about owning fewer things. 

It’s a holistic approach, influencing how you spend your time, with whom you spend it, and your daily choices. 

It’s as much about inner peace mental and physical health as a tidy living room.

Now let’s turn to the core principles of Maximalism…


The Core Principles of Maximalism

While Minimalism hums a soothing lullaby, Maximalism is that toe-tapping, head-bobbing, impossible-to-forget tune on the radio. 

Both are music; it’s just a matter of personal playlist preference.

Let’s see what I mean by that…

More is More: Yep, you read that right. 

Where minimalists say, “Cut it out,” maximalists say, “Why not both?” It’s the all-you-can-eat buffet approach to life.

Express Yourself: If you’re a peacock, flaunt those feathers, especially on social media

Who cares if they are fake feathers.

 Maximalism is about being unapologetically YOU. It’s no holding back.

Layer It Up: Think of it like fashion: you’ve got your basics, then you add a scarf, maybe a hat, oh, and those funky shoes…Layers upon layers make things interesting for the maximalist.

Curated Chaos: It’s not about hoarding. 

It’s about collecting and arranging with purpose so that the maximalist’s space can be a kaleidoscope of who they are.

History and Storytelling: Have you ever met someone with a charm bracelet jangling 50 charms? 

Each one’s got a story. That’s Maximalism.

Indulge in Detail: It’s like enjoying a super deluxe triple-chocolate sundae with sprinkles. 

And whipped cream. And a cherry. You get to savor every bit.

As another example, suppose you are at a dinner party.

The table isn’t just set; it’s adorned. 

Every plate is uniquely hand-painted. 

The cutlery isn’t merely functional; each handle has intricate engravings, telling tales from ancient folklore.

The napkins? Hand-stitched with delicate embroidery along the edges. 

And those candle holders…Vintage finds from a flea market in Paris, carrying with them the whispers of many a romantic dinner.

As you sip water from a crystal glass, you notice even the ice cubes have tiny edible flowers frozen within. 

The table setting is an ensemble of stories, experiences, and craft.

Variety is the Spice: Why stick to one theme when you can mix and match? 

It’s like blending rock ‘n’ roll with classical—creating a symphony that’s uniquely you.

Imagine walking into your friend’s apartment for the first time. 

As soon as you step in, you’re greeted by a vivid Persian rug that feels like you’ve just stepped into a tale from “One Thousand and One Nights.” 

Just a few steps away, there’s a sleek, modern coffee table made of glass and metal, reflecting the urban city vibes.

On the walls? 

There’s an eclectic mix of art. 

A serene Japanese ink painting is right next to a vibrant African tribal mask. 

And there, on the bookshelf, a collection of Russian nesting dolls is hanging out next to a futuristic-looking lamp that could be straight out of a sci-fi movie.

Every corner of this apartment is a surprise, with each piece from a different time or place. 

But somehow, everything comes together in a harmonious, delightful blend. 

And the latter is the best-case scenario, I would say. 

The risk is high that it more often falls flat on the face than coming together in a harmonious blend.

Minimalism PrinciplesMaximalism Principles
1. Intentionality: Making choices that serve a purpose or spark joy.1. More is More: Embrace abundance and variety.
2. Simplicity: Emphasizing what truly matters.2. Express Yourself: Be boldly and unapologetically you.
3. Quality Over Quantity: Choosing lasting items and deep relationships.3. Layer It Up: Adding layers for depth and complexity.
4. Mindful Living: Conscious decision-making in purchasing and living in the present.4. Curated Chaos: Collecting and arranging with a purpose.
5. Clarity of Mind: Reducing clutter for mental well-being.5. History and Storytelling: Everything has a story to tell.
6. Freedom: Minimal commitments for flexibility.6. Indulge in Detail: Savoring intricate and detailed designs.
7. Authenticity: Living without societal pressures.7. No Fear of Color: Embracing the full spectrum of color.
8. Personal Growth: Creating space for self-development.8. Variety is the Spice: Mixing themes and styles for a unique blend.


The Pros and Cons of Minimalism Versus Maximalism

Minimalism vs Maximalism

In this section, I will do my best to stay objective.

Why do I have to make an effort?

Well, I’m biased for obvious reasons. Otherwise, my website would be called Maximal Angle.

So let’s jump in and first learn about the pros and cons of Minimalism and then the ones of Maximalism.

For a better overview, I prepared tables for each.


The Pros & Cons of Minimalism

Minimalism, like all philosophies, isn’t one-size-fits-all. 

It’s got its gleaming trophies and its dusty corners. 

The key is to adapt it to suit one’s unique lifestyle and priorities.

So, let’s see which Minimalism pros and cons I identified…

Pros of MinimalismCons of Minimalism
1. Less Stress: Reduced physical and mental clutter lead to a calmer mind.1. Too Restrictive: Can feel confining and limit expression.
2. More Freedom: Less baggage allows for spontaneity and new experiences.2. Potential Loss of Individuality: Risk of adopting a generic, impersonal style or lifestyle.
3. Save Time: Efficiency increases when there’s less to manage.3. Initial Overhead: High-quality minimalist items can be expensive.
4. Environmental Benefits: Consuming less is eco-friendly.4. Misunderstandings & Social Pressure: Being "different" might lead to judgments.
5. Save Money: Fewer purchases mean more savings in the long run.5. Regret: Possibility of missing discarded items.
6. Improved Well-being: Simplified life can lead to better mental health.6. Can Seem Cold or Unwelcoming: Extreme minimalism can appear sterile.
7. Enhanced Focus: Clarity in goals and priorities.7. Mental Pressure: Maintaining a minimalist "standard" can be taxing.
8. Higher Quality Relationships: More time and energy for meaningful connections.8. Diminished Comfort: Risk of forgoing certain comforts for simplicity's sake.
9. Greater Appreciation: Valuing what remains even more.9. Overthinking Purchases: The quest for perfection can be draining.
10. Growth & Personal Development: Space for new skills and experiences.10. Risk of Elitism: Can be viewed as a privilege, not accessible to everyone.


The Pros & Cons of Maximalism

With its flamboyant feathers and gleaming glitters, Maximalism also has its sunshine and shadows. 

Let’s lay it out in the following table.

Pros of MaximalismCons of Maximalism
1. Expressive: It’s a canvas for creativity and personal identity.1. Overwhelming: Can be sensory overload for some.
2. Celebration of Abundance: Embraces life's variety and richness.2. Maintenance: More items can mean more upkeep.
3. Historical Narrative: Layers of items can tell personal or cultural stories.3. Costly: Collecting items can burn a hole in the pocket.
4. Comfort and Coziness: More items can lead to a feeling of warmth and homeliness.4. Might Seem Cluttered: To some, it can appear messy, not layered.
5. No Strict Rules: It's flexible, allowing constant evolution and changes.5. Less Eco-friendly: Acquiring many items can increase environmental footprint.
6. Emotionally Uplifting: Vibrant colors and items can boost mood.6. Risk of Hoarding: Can blur the line between collecting and hoarding.
7. Rich Textures and Experiences: Offers sensory stimulation.7. Decision Fatigue: Too many choices can be exhausting.
8. Full of Surprises: There’s always something new to discover in a maximalist space.8. Can Feel Chaotic: Not everyone finds comfort in the abundance.
9. Personal Connection: Each item can have a personal story or sentiment.9. Takes Up Space: Requires larger spaces to house collections.
10. Bold Statement: Stand out and make an impact.10. Distracting: Too many focal points can scatter focus.


The Psychological Impact of Both Lifestyles

Let’s now dive into the psychology of both.

While the below lists are extensive, they can’t cover the entire spectrum of psychological impacts. 


Well, your environment, whether minimalist or maximalist, interacts with your personal history, cultural background, and innate personality to shape your experiences in multifaceted ways.

And these are so many variables that almost infinite psychological impacts are possible.

So, the psychological effects of any lifestyle choice, including Minimalism and Maximalism, can be diverse, multifaceted, and deeply personal. 

Now, without further adieu…


The Psychological Impact of Minimalism

Increased Focus and Clarity: With fewer physical or mental distractions, the brain can concentrate better. 

A decluttered space is akin to a decluttered mind.

Reduced Stress: Studies have shown that excess items in our surroundings can cause our minds to feel uneasy. 

Less clutter has been linked to lowered cortisol (a stress hormone) levels.

Sense of Control: Simplifying one’s life can give a renewed sense of autonomy, making challenges more manageable.

Boosted Well-being: Decluttering and detaching from material goods can produce a dopamine rush (the happiness hormone), akin to what some people feel when they meditate.

Prioritization of Relationships and Experiences: With material possessions taking a backseat, relationships and experiences can become the forefront of satisfaction, leading to more profound emotional connections.

Financial Relief: With reduced consumption, there’s often less financial burden, leading to decreased anxiety and stress related to monetary concerns.

Environmental Consciousness: Many minimalists feel a sense of psychological satisfaction knowing they’re reducing their carbon footprint, fostering a deeper connection to and responsibility for the environment.

Decision Simplification: Barry Schwartz’s “The Paradox of Choice” discusses how too many choices can lead to paralysis and dissatisfaction. 

Minimalism can reduce this overload.

Fear of Missing Out (FOMO): On the downside, some might feel they’re missing out on experiences or possessions that others value by actively choosing to have or do less.

Increased Self-awareness: Emphasizing intentionality, Minimalism can lead individuals to gain deeper insights into their values, desires, and motivations.

Vulnerability: Some minimalists may feel emotionally or physically exposed with fewer material barriers. 

This vulnerability can be both liberating and uncomfortable.

Potential Isolation: If someone’s social circle values materialism or consumerism, embracing Minimalism might lead to feelings of alienation or isolation.

Fear of Scarcity: For some, reducing possessions or consumption can trigger anxieties about not having “enough,” even if their needs are met.


The Psychological Impact of Maximalism

Emotional Expression: Surrounding oneself with items, colors, and resonating patterns can lead to emotional fulfillment. 

It’s a form of self-expression and identity affirmation.

Sense of Abundance: This style can evoke feelings of wealth, prosperity, and life’s fullness, which can boost mood and optimism.

Historical and Cultural Connection: The layering of items with their history can provide a strong sense of rootedness and connectivity to the past or diverse cultures.

Potential Overstimulation: While many find joy in abundance, others might find excessive items and patterns overwhelming. 

This can lead to a reduced ability to focus and increased stress for some individuals.

Risk of Attachment: A strong connection to many material items might lead to distress if there’s loss or change. 

The line between collection and hoarding can sometimes blur, leading to potential mental health challenges.

Creativity Boost: Being surrounded by diverse items, colors, and patterns can inspire creativity and innovative thinking.

Comfort and Security: For some, having many items around them provides a feeling of security and comfort, akin to a nest.

Social Impressions: A maximalist environment can be a conversation starter but can also lead to judgments. 

People might see it as opulence or, on the flip side, as clutter.

Fear of Loss: The more items one becomes attached to, the greater the potential fear of losing them, leading to anxiety.

Satisfaction in Acquisition: Acquiring and adding to collections can provide a dopamine rush. 

However, this could also lead to an endless cycle of wanting more, which might not lead to long-term happiness.

Multi-sensory Stimulation: A maximalist environment can engage all the senses, offering a full-bodied experience that can be invigorating for some.

Indecision and Procrastination: Decision-making can become daunting with so many items and stimuli, leading to avoidance behaviors.

Validation Through Possession: For some, collecting or owning multiple items can be a way to seek validation or self-worth.

Nostalgia and Memory Stimulation: Being surrounded by numerous items, each with its story, can act as memory cues, making one relive past moments and emotions.

Dependency: Over-reliance on external possessions for comfort, identity, or emotional fulfillment might deter some from seeking inner peace or self-growth.


Which Is Better, Minimalism or Maximalism?

So, which is better, and how can it be determined?

Well, as you may have noticed when looking at the pros and cons overviews, both Minimalism and Maximalism have their ups and downsides.

So, my biased answer would clearly be “Minimalism.”

But this wouldn’t be an objective answer.

Ultimately, it depends on you, the individual, and, as often in life, how well you can live with the downsides. 

Because there always are, unfortunately.

Some folks are like sunflowers; they need wide-open spaces and simplicity to thrive. 

They resonate with Minimalism, finding peace in decluttered spaces and valuing experiences over possessions.

It’s sufficiently important to them that they pay the price, and they may fear missing out sometimes.


They’re like intricate tapestries woven with a million threads of memories, experiences, and stories. 

Maximalism speaks to them, allowing their spaces to echo their rich internal worlds. 

They can live with one of the downsides. 

That is not getting into the “Zone” as fast when focusing on a task or feeling stressed because of the risk of (mental) clutter their many items can turn into.

However, there isn’t a universal scale for what constitutes “clutter .”

A room with ten items might feel stifling for one person, while another might find comfort in a space adorned with hundreds of mementos.

Ultimately, the “better” choice is the one that aligns with your values, supports your well-being, and feels authentic to you.

And again, it’s the choice with which downsides you can live. 

It might even be a blend of both… Who’s to say you can’t have a minimalist living room and a maximalist study?  



This article has been reviewed by our editorial team. It has been approved for publication per our editorial policy.